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Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones in Nuweiba Area (Egypt) Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques

Sara M. Abuzied 1,3, May Yuan 2, Samia K. Ibrahim 3, Mona F. Kaiser 3, and Tarek A. Seleem 3
1. Center for Spatial analysis, University of Oklahoma, Norman, USA
2. Program of Geospatial Information Science, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, USA
3. Geology Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Abstract—The exploration of new locations for possible groundwater discharge is required to support the needs of urban and agricultural activities in arid regions, such as the Nuweiba area. The aim of this study is to locate new groundwater wells in the Nuweiba area to alleviate water shortage. We identified several essential factors contributing to groundwater discharge. These factors include textural classification of alluvial deposits, lithological units, surface and subsurface structures, topographic parameters, geomorphological features and land use land cover. We developed a hydrogeological model incorporating these factors. Input data to the model include SPOT5, SRTM, Radarsat-1, ALOS PALSAR, GPR, and geologic and topographic maps. The model ingested these data as rasters and determines weights to integrate the contributing factors spatially. The groundwater potential map was classified to five classes from very poor to very good potential. The classes of groundwater potential map were checked against the distribution of the groundwater wells in Bedouin communities and agriculture areas, which present a general knowledge of groundwater potential in the study area.
Index Terms—radar, groundwater potential zones, weightage analysis, remote sensing, GIS, nuweiba

Cite: Sara M. Abuzied, May Yuan, Samia K. Ibrahim, Mona F. Kaiser, and Tarek A. Seleem, "Delineation of Groundwater Potential Zones in Nuweiba Area (Egypt) Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques," International Journal of Signal Processing Systems, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 109-117, April 2016. doi: 10.12720/ijsps.4.2.109-117
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